By copying and pasting the url for these above files (click on the links and copy the url) into the search box on google maps one can obtain the map below for instance.

Axiomatic
panbiogeography offers authentic panbiogeographers a larger
mathematical/logical unity from which to extend constructions of
hierarchical relationships within the domain of historical biogeography
than that described by Daniel Rafael Miranda-Esquivel and Susy
Echeverria.

Although qualified as to “approach” the authors wrote:“The
Panbiogeographic method involves basically three main steps (Morrone,
2004): Firstly, construction of two or more taxon individual tracks (minimum spanning tree from distributional localities). Secondly, delimitation of generalized tracks through geographic congruence between individual tracks. Finally, determination of nodes within the intersection areas between generalized tracks.”

In
axiomatic panbiogeography the notion of the generalized track is more
general than this.

One begins with the notion of the point or collection
locality, the line or individual track and the generalized track or
incidence geometrical equivalent of the plane. The intersection “areas”
between generalized tracks can better be cognized as a 3-dimensional entity if
the hierarchical relationships among the distribution patterns becomes
complex. How complex this needs to be for the benefit of axiomatic
panbiogeography to apply is likely to be found to be in those cases
where simple catastrophes fail to topologize the mathematical range of
the points in the domain.

The three-fold method of: individual track construction, composite track interpolation and
node junctioning, results in hierarchies only *so deep*

but is useful in
investigations where multiple baselines are not needed or where there is
little relationship between nodes and masses conceptually.

This
methodological procedure does not divide out the third phoronomic (angle) case from the first two amongst the points.

So
pictured for instance(of lizard,
snake,and salamander ("with two nodes")) is a map with a generalized
track , two nodes and individual tracks that could not be used to
elucidate the catastrophe model of the same track suggested( below) if
the hierarchical relationships where only expanded under the three fold
implementation of Martitracks with Pantracks,as applied

in the case of the junction between tracks from *Plethodon* and *Eurycea* in the same area suggested again below where the node itself takes on different "shapes".

This is about the most complex type of pattern one can reliably use the Martitrack program with-

The Martitrack program may help to identify otherwise obscured endemic areas.

A
small difference in the general track is seen with a cut value of .01
rather than the default .25 showing a closer representation to the
projective origin